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The passage tomb there is built around this time according to archaeological estimations, clearly constructed by people who have a sophisticated understanding of the motions of the sun, moon, and stars, thanks to the tomb's alignment and the lunar map found inside it.
Gaelic Ireland There exists a very small window through which to view the tribes of Ireland (those which largely pre-date the Roman presence in Britain).
Mountsandel in Coleraine in the north of Ireland is the oldest known site of settlement, with remains of woven huts, stone tools, and food such as berries and hazelnuts being discovered there by archaeologists.
The picture after that is very uncertain, but it seems most likely that several small waves of settlers arrived at various subsequent stages.
The first written record of contact with 'Albion' (by a Greek writer) names both Britain/Alba and Ireland as the 'Prettanik' islands.
This is the oldest known name, which then leaves them to be distinguished from each other by Alba (meaning 'white', probably named after the chalk cliffs of Dover), and Hibernia, which is the rather sloppy Latin translation of 'Ierne' as written by the Greeks.
Knowth in County Meath is one of Ireland's most ancient and mysterious sites.
Ierne is fairly obviously a mispronunciation of 'Er Inis' or 'Eire Innis' (various spellings are available), meaning 'West Island' in common Celtic. The name remains in use today in its full form - Eireann.
(Additional information by Edward Dawson, and from Marie Mc Keown, Hub Pages.) Until now a land bridge has connected Britain to Ireland, roughly from the south-eastern tip of the latter to south-western England.
Claudius Ptolemy in his work Geographia recorded the tribes of Ireland some time in the second century AD.
The island of Ireland prior to this is known mainly from legends gleaned from oral tradition and early writings in which individual tribes are not reliably reported.
The last holdout may have been the Fir Domnann (the Dumnonii Men), possibly one of several British tribes who saw fragments of their number move to Ireland.